Finding Things


Cognitive Difficulties

There are a number of studies which show that some people with MS do have difficulty with remembering positions and places. The cognitive skill shown to be weak is called “spatial memory” (literally where things are in the space around you and in relation to each other). The studies rely on abstract tasks (e.g. counters on a grid). They may not be closely linked to real life experience.

Further Reading

Gmeindl L, Courtney SM. Deconstructing spatial working memory and attention deficits in multiple sclerosis. Neuropsychology. 2012 Jan;26(1):57-70.

Pardini M, Bergamino M, Bommarito G, Bonzano L, Luigi Mancardi G, Roccatagliata L. Structural correlates of subjective and objective memory performance in multiple sclerosis. Hippocampus. 2013 Dec 12. [Epub ahead of print]


Some computerised training tasks have been shown to improve spatial memory.

Further Reading

Janssen A, Boster A, Lee H, Patterson B, Prakash RS. The effects of video-game training on broad cognitive transfer in multiple sclerosis: A pilot randomized controlled trial. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 2015;37(3):285-302.

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