Tips and Tricks

It can be a bit alarming to find yourself getting lost on a route you thought you knew, but usually a little forethought and planning can overcome this. And now Satnavs are becoming so popular, there is a solution for most people.

Other Important Influences

There are a number of outside factors that might make your thinking skills less efficient:

Professional Help

If your wayfinding difficulties are fairly mild, and just occur on long journeys you occasionally make by car, then a routine for using maps and routes from websites and books may be all you need from your therapist.

If your wayfinding difficulties are more severe, and you have been getting lost on frequently travelled local routes, then you may need help to develop clear map and route protocols, as well as safety procedures for when you are lost.

MS Trust Publications

Cognition in the A-Z of MS

This A-Z entry describes the range of cognitive problems that can occur with MS difficulties with short-term memory, concentration, verbal fluency - and discusses ways to approach managing the various problems.

More general information about MS

Making Sense of MS

If you've just been diagnosed, this small postcard-sized booklet is a good place to start learning about MS. It provides a brief introduction to multiple sclerosis and answers the questions most commonly asked after diagnosis.

At work with MS

The resource considers some of the ways in which MS might affect work, the protection afforded under the Equality Act and what adjustments can be made for a successful working life with MS.

MS and me

A self-management guide to living with MS. Looks at setting goals, problem solving and healthy living, explores how to better understand your symptoms and how working with health professionals can help you make decisions and treatment choices.

Living with fatigue

Fatigue is one of the commonest symptoms of MS and can have a major impact on daily life. Living With Fatigue was written in conjunction with an MS specialist occupational therapist and illustrated with comments by people with MS who know what it is like to live with the symptom.

Open Door

Quarterly newsletter that contains articles news and research relevant to people living with MS and their families.

Involving Family and Friends

Finding you way around on well-known or even on routes juts travelled once is a skill we all take for granted. It can be unnerving to find that it is no longer automatic. Family and friends may have started to notice your difficulties, because you have been late at social or work events, or perhaps they were with you when you couldn’t find your way somewhere.

You may be able to overcome these problems yourself, using Satnavs when driving and making sure that you have maps with you when you are walking somewhere. But if your family, or your work colleagues, know in advance that remembering routes can catch you out, they can help if an unexpected route needs to be walked or driven.


There are no scientific studies in MS that specifically address wayfinding. One older paper mentions it as one of several everyday memory problems.

Haupts M, Calabrese P, Babinsky R, Markowitsch HJ, Gehlen W. Everyday memory impairment, neuroradiological findings and physical disability in multiple sclerosis. Eur J Neurol. 1994 Nov;1(2):159-63.

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